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Direct and Indirect Objects

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Direct – the thing/person directly affected by the verb

  • I see him
    • Je le vois
  • He loves her
    • Il l’adore (la)
  • He buys flowers
    • Il achète des fleurs
  • She hates them
    • Elle les déteste

Indirect – the sentence can be ‘unpacked’ to include a ‘to’ or a ‘for’

  • He gives her flowers
    • Il lui donne les fleurs
  • He bought them for her
    • Il les lui a acheté
  • She goes to see her parents
    • Elle va voir ses parents
  • She gives them the flowers
    • Elle leur donne les fleurs
Order of Pronouns
1 (direct/indirect) 2 3
Me Le Lui
Te La Leur
Nous L’
Vous Les


  • Il me les donne
    • He gives them to me
  • Je le lui dit
    • I say it to him
  • Il nous leur présente
    • He introduces us to them
  • Ils nous les présente
    • He introduces them to us

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